The situational plan
Development of transport infrastructure of Taman sea port
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   





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Strategy of development of water transport of Krasnodar area
Location and brief characteristics of the construction area
Requirement for the land resources of the new commercial sea port
  Complexes of the first, second and third stage of construction
the first stage of construction
the second stage of construction
the third stage of construction
Organization of the secure boundary-customs area
Transport service
Guarantee for employees and their families the objects of the housing and public utilities and social-welfare designation
Architectural design
Heating
Communication and signaling system
Possible influence on the environmental situation of the port complexes
Common arrangements of measures for warning of emergency situations
Financial and economic appraisal of efficiency of investment
Conclusion



Complex of the first stage of construction

The realization of this investment project is supposed by stages and in the rough terms which are resulted in the table 2.

Table 2.


Title of the stage Duration of execution, year Years of realization of construction part of a project
1 Carriage of research activities and engineering-surveying works on specification of natural conditions of area of construction 0,5  
2 Development of the FEASIBILITY REPORT (project)
Development of the working documentation and construction of objects of a port complex, installation of equipment with adjustment works and comissioning:
0,5  
3 1 start-up complex - reloading complexes liquefied hydrocarbon gases LHCG , oil and mineral oil, base harbor vessels, protective hydraulic structures, station " Port ", gas-turbine power station, tote road, water area and water approaches. 2 1,2
4 2 port complex - complexes on an transshipment of coal, grain, development of railway station " Port ", expansion of power station. 2 1,2
5 3 port complex - a transshipment complex of containers, development of railway station " Port ", expansion of power station. 4 1,2,3,4
6 Commission and absorption of a rated capacity 0,5  
  Aggregate term of project realization 9,5* 1-4**

*) At consecutive construction of starting up complexes
**) At partial adjustment of construction of starting complexes.

An approximate estimated cost of construction of objects of the 1 stage is 1 269,5 million US dollar, VAT included. The price is given on the 1 st of January, 2006.
Thus in cost of constructions of 1 and 2 port complexes are included:
- expenses for construction of all port objects;
- means for construction of territory for water areas;
- capital investments on arrangement of the water approaches providing service of vessels on all transshipment complexes of 1 stage of construction.
In calculations compensatory expenses on environment damage compensation, expenses on preparation of an area of construction, and also a payment for the land, means for construction of objects for employees of the port are not considered.

 

Second and third stages of new commercial sea-port construction

Expenses for the construction of the objects of transshipment complexes of 2 and 3 stages of port are determined by experts with the use of the total indexes of the cost of the designed object- analogs, similar on cargo turn-over, and also the data of "Progressive indexes of the technical level of the production and construction solutions in the projects of construction, reconstruction and technical reequipment of the seaports" (RD 31.31.48-88).

Approximate cost of objects according to the the prices of 1 quarters of 2006, including VAT (without the expenses on the construction of external approaches, environment damage compensation) is as following:

- 2 stage (port complex of metal, mineral fertilizers, forest) - 510 mln. dollars USA
- 3 stage (ferry-boat complex) - 110 mln. dollars USA.

The basic characteristics of the mooring front of the new commercial seaport are in Table 3.

Table 3.

Title of the construction Length, m Datum mark of the bed, m
Complexes of first stage of construction  
1 Container omplex
1.1 waterfront for vessels SKS-2400 685 -14,1
2 Grain complex
2.1 Two births for vessels SN-100 2330 -16,9
2.2 waterfront for vessels SN-30 435 -11,8
3 Coal complex
3.1 Two births for vessels SN-100 2330 -16,9
3.2 waterfront for vessels river-sea type 200 -6,5
4 Oil complex and oil products complex
4.1 Two births for vessels SN-100 2420 -16,9
5 Hydrofoil of Gas
5.1 waterfront 435 -10,8
6 Waterfront for harbor vessels 500 -6,5
Complexes of second stage of construction  
1 Complex on the forest transshipment
1.1 waterfront for vessels SL-5 1 550 -9,6
2 Complex on the forest transshipment and its processing
2.1 waterfront for vessels SL-5 660 -9,6
3 Complex on the metal transshipment
3.1 waterfront for vessels SN-40 775 -14,1
4 Complex on the transshipment of mineral fertilizers
4.1 waterfront for vessels SN -50 350 -14,1
Complexes of third stage of construction  
1 Ferry-boat complex    
1.1 waterfront for vessels
Heroes of Shipka type
800 -9,7

 

Brief description of configuration of complexes of the first stage

Berthing component of all five complexes of the first stage is placed on the shallow part of the water area. There is the natural closed water area for the acceptance of vessels, which is covered from the waves of Black sea by southern dam, and by northern dam - from northern wind. The insides of dams are used for the construction of the berthing facilities.

Approximate capital investments in the construction of facilities of the 1 st stage of construction. Prices are given on the 1 st of January 2006.

Basic technical and economic performances are given in Table 4.

Table 4.


Title of index Unit of measurement. Numerical value of an index
1 stage
(the 8th year of a project)
1 Volume of services in value terms mln.dollars. 312,1
2 Calculated cargo turn-over:    
  containers TEU thousand. TEU /year 500
  oilproducts thousand. TEU /year 5 000
  Liquefied natural gas thousand. TEU /year 2 000
  grain thousand. TEU /year 5 000
  coal thousand. TEU /year 10 000
3 Total amount of employee person 1 440
4 Total cost of construction including VAT mln.dollars. 1 269,5
5 Duration of construction years 4
6 Net present value (NPV) mln.dollars. 624,7
7 Internal rate of return (IRR) % 17,8
8 Payback period (simple) years 7,0
9 Payback period (discounted, rate of comparison is 10%) years 9,7
10 Taxes and deductions in extra-budgetary funds mln.dollars. 63,1

Table 5.


Title Cost,
Mln.dollars USA. VAT included
1, 2 years of project implementation 1 041,40
1 Water area, water approaches 33,9
2 Formation of an area, bank protection 45,3
3 Asphalt covering (partly) 12,9
4 North dam 15,8
5 Tote road 7,2
6 Power station 49,3
7 Railway station port 147,1
8 Harbor vessels base with waterfront, , customs 16,6
9 Berths of special transshipment complex 5,6
10 Container berths 13,7
11 Approaching trestle, dolphin berths 96,0
12 Special transshipment complex of grain 111,4
13 Special transshipment complex of coal 190,6
14 Special transshipment complex of oil and oil products 108,8
15 Special transshipment complex of hydrofoil gas 187,2
3, 4 years of project implementation 228,10
16 Railway roads on a formed area, concrete roof, equipment for container transshipment, engineer support facilities (in frames of formed area) 168,2
17 Asphalt covering along the formed area (partly) 30,1
18 Power station 5,4
19 Station port (development) 24,4
  Total 1 stage 1 269,50

 

Specialized container complex

Area for the construction of containers loading-unloading terminal is located in the newly formed territory, at a distance of ca. 1,7 km from the shoreline. Area is connected with the coast by the projected dam, on which tote road will be laid and connecting railway line. Railway line and highway pass through Kholodnaya beam (natural boundary), and along the bank of Trutayev reef.
The existing marks of water area, destined for the construction of terminal, balances from minus 10 m to minus 1,9 m.
The constructions of terminal consist of the following general objects:
- Sea cargo front;
- Open storage area;
- Railway loading- unloading area of containers;
- Covered storehouse with railway footlights;
- Administrative-change room;
- Entry complex with check point.
The containers arrive (depart) to the terminal by railway and motor transport. The planned position of moorages was selected specially to decrease the volume of the formation of an area and to ensure the approach of the railway lines, which connect district railroad park with the terminal.
The construction of three moorages with an overall length of 685m is assumed for the transshipment of containers and with the mark of the bottom minus 14,1 m.
Moorages are equipped with quay track crane runways.
It is planned to fix with bank protection the southern and western parts of the terminal.

Specialized grain complex

Placement and mutual coordination of the main buildings and constructions are in the basis of the arrangement of the grain transshipment complex which supply rational engineering process of transshipment and storage of cargo.
The arrangement of grain transshipment complex is planned to carry out similarly with coal terminal on two areas:
- Unloading-storehouse front on Panagiya cape;
- Berthing zone is situated in 6,4 km from unloading-storehouse front;
Into the composition of complex enter the following buildings and the construction
- 2 deep-sea terminals (double-sided pier);
- 2 terminals for vessels Volgobalt type;
- Elevated road for berthing conveyors;
- Off-loading station of carriages;
- Storage area;
- Railway dead and spur;
- Dry room;
- Engine room;
- Delousing section.
The deep water moorages, destined for the vessels maneuver with dead weight DW 100 thousand are located on the double-sided pier with length 330m.
The mark of the bottom in moorages according to the calculation is minus 16,90 m B.S.
Pier is connected with the coast by the elevated road of mooring conveyors with a length of 2 670m.
Moorages are equipped with crane runways, and vessels maneuver from 20 000 thousands tons to 100 000 thousand tons.
The planning mark of grading elevation of cordon is equal to 3,00m.
Railroad unloading front and storage areas are planned to place northwest of the projected coal terminal at a distance for about 300m.
The existing marks of the territory, on which it is planned to place complex, are 24,0 m ? 2,0m.
All cargo arrives at complex by railroad.
Carsupply to the dead end truck of the complex is carried out from the district park by a rail tractor.
The station of unloading railroad cars is designed to two railway lines. Therefore it is planned that it will be given a train of 71 railroad cars, then it will be divided into two railway lines consisting of 2 parts.
The mark of the head of rail is equal to 32,00m.
It is located a plant for processing of more than 1 mln. tons of soya and sunflower on the complex area.
The total area of the territory, occupied by complex, is 2 ga.
The mark of the territory is equal to 30,0m.

Specialized coal complex

The coal complex can be divided in to two functionally and territorially separate parts:
- unloading -warehouse front;
- the berthing zone
The unloading-warehouse front is projected on a coastal part of Panagija cape on existing marks of territory sized 26m?34 m.
Following buildings and constructions are in structure of unloading-warehouse front:
- Station of unloading of carriages;
- Defreezing devices;
- Railway dead and spur of the station of unloading of carriages;
- The open warehouse platforms with system of water irrigation;
- Interspersed stations;
- homing station
- conveyor gallery
- administrative change room
- metal working shop
- engineering constructions
Railway dead and spur are located in 100 m from opened laydown area equipped by system of a water irrigation.
Maneuvering of carriages from regional park on railway dead and spur of station of unloading of carriages and departure of empty ones from railway dead and spur is managed by means of rail tractor.
The mark of the head of rail of railway dead and spur is equal to 32,00m.
The total area of territory occupied by unloading-warehouse front, is 63,0 ga. The mark of the territory is equal 28,0 m.
A berthing zone on which it is planned to place following buildings and constructions:
- Two deep-water moorings, located on a double-sided pier;
- Approaching trestle;
- Building of checkpoint;
- pump firefighting
Berthing zone is projected on the distance of 5,5 m from unloading-warehouse front.
The deep water moorages, destined for the vessels maneuver with dead weight DW 100 thousand are located on the double-sided pier with length 330m.
The mark of the bottom in moorages according to the calculation is minus 16,90 m B.S.
Pier is connected with the coast by the elevated road of mooring conveyors with a length of 3040 m.
The elevated road of mooring conveyors is located on the approaching trestle which is unique for three complexes: coal, grain and bulk-oil.
Moorings are equipped with crane tracks.
The planned mark of a cordon is equal to 3,00 m. It is projected a mooring with length 200 m and a mark of a bottom minus 6,50 m for Volgobalt navigation on the northern dam of the new port.

Oil and mineral oil complex

The structure of a complex includes following buildings and constructions:
- 2 deep-sea berths with length 330 m each;
- Three double-sided railway discharge jetty with length 420 m each;
- Tank battery of storage of oil and oil products;
- Administrative-change room
- Control room
- Laboratory
- Check passage
It is planned to build two bollard deep-water oil-moorings with length 330 m each and the mark of the bottom minus 16,90 for the vessels maneuver with dead weight DW 100 thousand.
Oil-moorings are located on the double-sided pier which are connected to coast with elevated road with length 3,8 m.
The grading elevation of a cordon is equal to 3.00 m.
It is planned to build a fire-pump house and checkpoint at the ground of the elevated road which are designed for three complexes: coal, grain and bulk-oil.
The complex itself is projected in 6 km to the north-east of moorings.
The projected complex of oil and mineral oil is planned to be placed to the east of hydrofoil on distance of 300 m.
The complex is placed in the territory having existing marks 33?39 m.
Tanks delivery is carried out from the regional railway park located to the north of the projected complex on distance 400 m. Tanks delivery on elevated roads is carried out on 70 tanks (on 35 tanks on each way).
Every double-sided elevated road has access track on loop line.

Gas hydrofoil complex

The platform for location of a complex is planned to be placed to the north of the coal complex and to the east of the Grain complex on distance of 300 m from each of complexes.
The complex will consist of:
- 2 moorings on the elevated road each 260 m;
- Double-sided drainage railroad overpass with length 420 m for synchronous unloading of train set of cars consisting of 70 tanks (on each way per 35 tanks)
- Tanks for gas storing;
- Processing pump group;
- Line of process pipelines connecting complex with mooring facilities;
Existing marks of the territory on which the projected complex is placed, are 20 m \30 m.
The total area of the territory for complex is 55,5ga, and the grading elevation is 24,0 m.

Railway lines

Railway tracks are projected from rails of P-65 type on the concrete ties.
The maximum gradient is equal to 7 H15.

Motor roads

It is planned the construction of an access motor road for the turning of motor road.
The general length of the access motor roads, including entry points to the territories of complexes, is 15 km.

It is planned on the territory of a container complex a covering for open storage area of a heavier-duty from slabs with depth 20 sm along the leveling coat of sand with depth 5 sm on the ground from break-stone with depth 30 sm.
A design of covering of roads and platforms in the area of construction is projected from asphalt-concrete with thickness 10 sm in the basis of from break-stone M100 fr. 40-70mm - thickness 30 sm.
Water disposal from the surface of coverings of platforms and driveways is planed to the closed storm collector by means of the grading elevation.
Water disposal from the surface of access motor road is carried out by means of ducts and ditches. It is planned to place discharge collector ditches on the slopes of a relief .

3.2.8. The sizes of operational water area

The first stage of construction renders support at mooring house.
The dredging works will be executed on the first stage of construction.
The design reference mark of dredging is projected equal to:
- Minus 16,90m - operational water area of the deep-water moorings located on a pier;
- Minus 14,10 m - operational water area of moorings of a specialized container complex;
- Minus 11,80 m- operational water area of moorings for reception of cargo of the specialized grain complex;
- Minus 10,80 m - operational water area of moorings of hydrofoil complex;
- Minus 6,50 - operational water area of moorings for reception of cargo of the specialized coal complex;
- Minus 6,50 - operational water area of moorings for Navy department and harbor vessels
It is necessary a piloting on all the ways to the port.
Berthing (de-berthing) of tankers, and also shunting actions on the water area should be carried out by means of ship-towing tug.
The total area of water area is 237ga.
It is projected on the territory of the water area a ship channel which is divided in to 2 parts:
- A part from the natural depths up to turning round of deep-water moorings with length 2,8 m. This part has width 200 m and a mark of bottom minus 17,20 m.
- a part from turning round of deep-water moorings up to turning round of a container complex with length 3,4 m. This part has width 160 m and a mark of bottom minus 14,40 m.

The list of parameters according to the general plan is resulted in table 6.

Table 6. - the list of parameters according to the general plan

List of activities Unit of measurement Quantity
1 Dredging of the channel with length 3,4 km up to mark minus 14,40 m hsnd. 3 3 500
2 Dredging of the channel with length 2,8 km up to mark minus 17,20 m hsnd. 3 800
3 Dredging of the water area up to mark minus 16,90 m hsnd. 3 4 500
4 Dredging of the water area up to mark minus 14,10 m hsnd. 3 4 000
5 Dredging of the water area up to mark minus 11,80 m hsnd. 3 1 500
6 Dredging of the water area up to mark minus 6,50 m hsnd. 3 360
  Total dredging hsnd. 3 14 660
7 Divers investigation hsnd. 3 4 500
8 Forming of the territory on the water area hsnd. 3 4 770
  Including: hsnd. 3  
  Container terminal hsnd. 3 4 000
  South dike hsnd. 3 500
  North dike hsnd. 3 170
  Border dike hsnd. 3 100
9 Ground excavation on the territory hsnd. 3 4 800
10 Earthwork on the territory hsnd. 3 3 700
11 Leveling the territory hsnd. 3 3 275
12 Forming of the territory for railway road hsnd. 3 150

The ground from dredging of approach channels and water area are stored in newly formed territory (the container terminal). The remained (approx. 10 000 thousand 3) of a ground of dredging are stored in area of Tuzla dam. Reservation of the territory for construction of the second stage of the new commercial sea port.

 

Water development facilities

Structure of the basic water development facilities

Water development facilities include:

- sea connecting pier with total length 4100m; marks of a bottom is minus 5.0?6.9m;
- Two double-sided piers with dolphin moorings with length 330 m each, for shipment of coal and grain (full development) by SN-100 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 16.9m;
- double-sided pier with dolphin moorings with length 330 m each, for shipment of coal and grain (full development) by SN-100 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 16.9m;
- Moorings with general length 685 m, for container service by SKS-2400 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 14.1m;
- Moorings with general length 435 m, for shipment of grain by SN-30 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 11.8m;
- double-sided pier with dolphin moorings with length 260m, for shipment of hydrofoil; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 10.8m;
- Mooring with general length 200 m, for reception of coal from vessels of "river-sea" type; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 6.5m;
- Moorings of harbor vessels with general length 500m, marks of a bottom at moorings is minus 6.5m;
- Wing wall from cleat with the general length 300 m on interfaces of moorings with battered face bank protection;
- Battered face bank protection type with the general length 7000m, marks of a bottom is minus 0.0h11.8m;
- Border dike of battered face type with length 450m;
- Mechanism for fish pass

Naval connecting pier

Connecting pier is destined for motor roads, width of carriageway is 4.5m, utility service and two conveyor galleries.
Trestle support represents pile group from steel tubes connected above a modular ferroconcrete crossbar.
Decking consists of a bearing construction and reinforced concrete roof plank. Wells of the storm collector with scrubbing filters are planned in decking.
Asphalted carriageway is limited by guard rails.
Electrocommunications are placed along the elevated road.
Illumination is planned by the project.

Double-sided landing piers

Moorings are placed from the both sides of a pier which consist of:
- double-sided loading platform;
- system of dolphins (including berthing dolphin, breasting dolphin, mooring-breasting dolphins, and transition bridges).

Loading platform

The loading platform is destined for component density of the process equipment and utility works and provides with ship loading at both moorings.
Structural elements of the loading platform are calculated on corresponding design load.
The platform is designed on the pile footing from steel tubes, a part from which plunges with an inclination, the others- vertically. Piles are connected among themselves by steel-concrete crossbars. Reinforced concrete roof plank is installed above the crossbars.
Bearings of the process equipment are installed along the reinforced concrete roof plank. There are also asphalt-concrete opening, guard rails, life rails, illumination.

System of mooring dolphins

Mooring and breasting dolphins are destined for loadings from design ships at the arrival and riding. To avoid of load transmission from ships on a loading platform, the wharf face of breasting dolphins is transferred on 1,0 m to the sea against the wharf face.
Breasting dolphins are equipped with rubber fender devices with a polyethylene plate.
Outer dolphins are equipped with mooring accessories for reception of springs.
Dolphins are designed on the pile footing from clumps of steel tubes shipped with a gradient in the different sides. Clumps are connected with ferroconcrete bed block. Dolphins are equipped with mooring accessories with self-given hooks. The port navigating sign is located on the main dolphin and fender devices are established devices.
All dolphins are connected among themselves and with a loading platform by a system of steel foot bridges and are equipped with step-ladders.

Berths

The waterside of a newly formed territory includes:
- Moorings with general length 685 m, for container service by SKS-2400 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 14.1m;
- Moorings with general length 435 m, for shipment of grain by SN-30 vessels; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 11.8m;
- double-sided pier with dolphin moorings with length 260m, for shipment of hydrofoil; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 10.8m;
- Mooring with general length 200 m, for reception of coal from vessels of "river-sea" type; a mark of a bottom at moorings is minus 6.5m;
- Moorings of harbor vessels with general length 500m, marks of a bottom at moorings is minus 6.5m;
- Wing wall from cleat with the general length 300 m on interfaces of moorings with battered face bank protection;
The construction of waterside is the anchored sheetpile bulkhead from the steel groove.
Ferroconcrete bulkhead with the enclosing parapet is arranged along the top of the front cutoff wall.
The mark of the top of ferroconcrete bulkhead and territory is 3,00 m. Moorages are equipped with mooring bollards, fender devices and stepladders.

Coast protection works

It is stipulated along the outline of a new formed territory the device of coast protection of slope type with the length 7000 m, mark of the bottom is minus
0.0 h 8m.
Coast protection falls from several layers of stones of various fineness.
Outer layer can be arranged from the large stone or the concrete blocks (it is refined by calculation).

Border dike

The border dike of slope type with length 450m serves for the protection of water area from the waves caused by northern wind.
It falls from several layers of stones of various fineness. Outer layer is arranged from the concrete blocks.

System for fish pass

It is stipulated the construction of the special facility for fish pass which will consist of tubes with concrete headwalls at the entry or exit or bridge crossing of elevated track type
Fish-passing facilities at the following stages of design will be more detailed developed.

Subordinate-secondary fleet

Set and quantity of ships of subordinate-secondary fleet is determined in accordance with RD 31.3.05-97 "The standards of the process design of the seaports", on the basis of the calculated number of operating ships and the standards of time for their maintenance, and they are given in Table 7.

Table 7. Project of ships of the harbor vessels

Effective class of ship Number of project Requirement, unit. Function
    Total .. 1  
1. ship-towing tug . 2715 2 2 Providing of maneuvering and mooring procedures with vessels
2. ship-towing tug . 134 4 - The same
3. ship-towing tug . 04983 4 2 The same
4. pilot cutter 1459 2 1 Providing of piloting
5. boom vessel Oil garbage disposal vessel 450330 2 1 Localization of oil spills. Purification of water area from garbage and oil spill
6. Collector of bilge water 1582 3 2 Reception of contaminated ship service water
7. Fueler . 585 4 2 Bunkering with fuel of transport and service ships
8. Firefighting ship 50320 1 1 Fire control on transport ships. Duty on the water area of oil complex during cargo operations.
9. Cutters for bringing-in mooring lines 1412 2 2 Bringing-in of mooring line

Table 8. Characteristic of ships of the harbor vessels

Name of ship Technical characteristic
power, kWt/horse powers length, width, hull height, draft, crew, pers
1. ship-towing tug 3700/4000 38,20 12,0 7,0 4,97 12
2. ship-towing tug 2360/3200 33,00 9,5 4,8 3,7 12
3. ship-towing tug 1290/1800 29,30 8,3 4,3 3,41 9
4. pilot cutter; 440/600 23,10 5,4 2,8 1,8 8
5. boom vessel Oil garbage disposal vessel 560/760 20,00 6,2 2,8 1,9 12
6. Collector of bilge water 166/225 35,17 7,6 5,6 3,1 12
7. Fueler / 1500 448/609 58,9 10,5 5,5 4,78 18
8. Firefighting ship 2760/3750 44,50 10,0 4,2 2,9 50
9. Cutters for bringing-in mooring lines 75/100 7,40 2,5 1,3 0,8 6
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