The situational plan
Development of transport infrastructure of Taman sea port

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Strategy of development of water transport of Krasnodar area
Location and brief characteristics of the construction area
Requirement for the land resources of the new commercial sea port
Complexes of the first, second and third stage of construction
Organization of the secure boundary-customs area
Transport service
Guarantee for employees and their families the objects of the housing and public utilities and social-welfare designation
Architectural design
Communication and signaling system
Possible influence on the environmental situation of the port complexes
Common arrangements of measures for warning of emergency situations
Financial and economic appraisal of efficiency of investment

Possible influence on the environmental situation of the port complexes

General part

Reclamation of new lands for cargo storages and handling will require environmental control taking into account specialization of transshipment complexes, types of cargo, water area organization and safe navigation, also landscape character, foundation soil as per general plan and other factors.
One of the most important task under project implementation on-going, should be the improvement and arrangement of complexes on the basis of final characteristics of accepted complexes.
Planning of industrial platforms should be in line with erosion control, draining and collection of foul rain waters, also examination, draining and collection of underground waters.
Due to massive soil movements and its transfer to discharge areas, secure transportation and soil reinstatement with a minimal impact on plant formation to be organized.
Dredging operations at shallow seaside will be one of the extensional works. All dredging operations, soil removing and its discharge to sea dumps should be monitored.
Technology of oil products storage and transshipment, system of berming of tank field for storage of these products, and also security of these systems providing leakage-proof and fire-proof conditions.
Environmental control measures for this kind of cargo, also for transshipment of general cargoes should be worked out and reconciled at the corresponding stages at set up order.
Cleaning of foul drains of all kinds should be closely monitored, thus, we plan to collect them, recycle at sewage disposal plants, further usage, mainly for technical needs.
Taking into account potential complexes specialization, utilization and disposal of industrial waste will not be a problem. Other waste will be removed to waste incinerator.
In the northern part of the Tamansky Gulf we plan to create a wildlife preserve that existed there before. The territory of port complexes will be surrounded by forest belt. Coastal soil dumps (if any) are subject to reinstatement and afforestation.

Dredging operation impact during construction

Sea bottom consists of sandy-loam silt, sand with coquilles (by IV group of development)
We plan to use chain-and –bucket dredger of “Dvinsky zaliv” type (contract efficiency is 750 m3/hour, regulatory –675 m3/hour) to remove soil and load it to self-propelled scow of “Saulkrasti” type with a 600 m3 capacity hold
Design depths by the port wharfs are about minus 6.5 to minus 16.9 m. Soil removal after dredging will be done to newly made territory or to underwater dump, the location of which to be defined at the nest design stage.
Average distance from working site to soil dump is 22 km.
The main impacts on aquatic environment during dredging operations are bottom deformation, turbidity increase accompanied by change in quality of waters in case of either intaking or disposal to underwater dump.
Suspended solid clay materials concentration during dredging operations with the use of chain-and –bucket dredger of “Dvinsky zaliv” type exceeds background water turbidity values in the Kerchensky Gulf by more than 0,25 mg/l, and at the underwater dump – by more than 10 mg/l.
Turbidity area appears at the location of chain- and –bucket dredger operation due to soil particles washing off the buckets when it lifts up from bottom to the surface.
Quantity of clay soil particles in suspended condition is 0,01%. 675 m3/hour*0,01=6,75 m3/hour=0,00188 m3/s (table 14 ĐÄ 31.74.09-96 «Regulations for sea dredging operations »); by weight - 0,00188*1,70*106=3196 g/s.
Dimensions of turbidity area in the Kerchensky Gulf and underwater dump depend on season flow variation through the Kerchensky Gulf, which is why pollution levels and quality of waters fluctuate considerably.
Average current speed in the Kerchensky Gulf at dredging area is from 0,3 to 0,4 m/s. Turbidity area during dredging will spread approximately by 1 or 1.5 km towards the Black sea. Turbidity area calculations should be done during at the next design stage.
Manifest does not cover soil turbidity investigation for the present project, though such investigations during the similar dredging operations prove that the polluted soil layer is not thick (0,1 0,3m).
Thus, when chain-and –bucket dredger moves silt and sand with coquilles, the above polluted soil mixes with pure under layers (1,0 1,2 m thick), so it will lead to total reduction of pollution. Soil investigation in terms of pollution will be done at the next stage of engineering.
Since no engineering and geological investigation was done at the locations of planned dredging operations (Panaguia), the following soil characteristics were considered for purely preliminary calculations: clay and loam IGE 3ŕ, IV group of development, II category of discharge.
Regulation of loading to barge of “Saulkrasti” type (“Krimskaya”) by soil of IV group 440m3 in natural occurrence (table ą58 Regulations of underwater dredging operations)
When soil is discharged from barges of “Saulkrasti” type particles become suspended, go through water body from barge to underwater dump area. Quantity of clay suspended when barge hold is emptied, depends on volumes discharged and makes about 0,72% (440 * 0,0072 = 3,168 m3 or solid particles 3,168 m3 * 1,537 t/m3 * 106 g/t = 4869216g.).
Turbidity zone when soil is discharged is determined at the next stage by computer calculations with turbidity level of 10 mg2/l water volume above dump.

Environment control measures

Environmental friendly dredging operations require pluridisciplinary attitude and compilation of data received during the equivalent works in port and canal area, field engineering and geological and ecological investigations, laboratory analyses and from dredging specialists.
Due to the fact that dredging operations have an inevitable influence on environment and result in chemical, physical and biological changes, they should be monitored and controlled in terms of ecology and technology:
- next designing stage requires engineering and ecological investigations, chemical soil analysis, technology of dredging operations and calculation of aquatic environmental damage;
- it is necessary to carry out ecological and technological control during dredging operations (Control program to be worked out at the nest designing stage)
- dredging operations to meet the deadlines reconciled with Fishery Committee of Russian Federation of the region;
- to load barges with soil not by means of overflow;
- not to move barges when bottom hatches are open and barges are unloaded;
If followed technological discipline will provide ecological safety of aquatic environment and its bioresources.

Impact on atmosphere

Main atmospheric discharges from port terminals will be in form of grain and coal dust in case of overcharge of terminal’s technological equipment.
Besides, there will be atmospheric discharges as a result of repair works in terminal’s workshops, boilers, vehicles and railway transport.
Grain and coal dust discharges will be minimized at the account of special technologies.
Due to the fact that terminals are equipped with modern facilities and considerably far from accommodations and the distance exceeds standard protection zone, we can make a preliminary conclusion that there would not be a significant negative influence on atmosphere of Tamansky Peninsula.
All necessary analyses of atmospheric pollution will be carried out to confirm the same during the design of terminals in accordance with atmospheric protection law of Russian Federation in action.

Impact on aquatic environment

Accumulation and draining of waste waters

Port terminals operating underway, we plan to accumulate domestic, industrial and rain wastewaters, also vessel domestic and bilge waters.
Domestic wastewaters are accumulated in administration buildings and vessels of transportation fleet.
Industrial waters are sewage from laboratory and bilge waters from vessels. Laboratory sewage is the same as domestic wastewaters and they both are collected in terminals’domestic sewarage and forwarded to waste waters disposal plants. Bilge waters are accumulated at floating collectors and disposed to special berth of oil factory for recycling.
Rain waters are collected in network of rain drainage and pump station from which they are pumped to disposal plants.

Environmental impact due to waste disposal

As far as wastewaters are recycled at sewage disposal plant of industrial districts, no direct impact on seawaters around terminals’ territory will be there.
Sewage disposal plant should provide quality recycling corresponding to requirements towards waters of fishery farms.

Accumulation and discharge of waste

During industrial operations such as goods transshipment and storage, maintenance of transport and port fleet, and also life activity of employees, industrial and domestic waste will be there.

ą Type of waste Danger class (toxicity) Possible ways of utilization and discharge
1 Used luminescent tube lamps 1 Demercurization at licensed factory of mercury lamps recycling
2 Floating oil products 2 Transfer to oil yard
3 Cleaning facilities dregs 4 Burial at specialized range
4 Domestic waste 4 Transfer to waste incinerator
5 Food waste from canteen 4 Transfer to waste incinerator
6 Industrial waste 4 Burial at solid domestic waste range
7 Oil rags 4 Transfer to waste incinerator
8 Special ship waste 4 Transfer to waste incinerator
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